In Bug Grad School I learned about a crazy group of flies called Hippoboscidae, or louse flies. These flies have adopted an ectoparasitic lifestyle, which means they live on other animals much like a tick or a louse. Most have lost their wings in the evolutionary scrabble to live on fur or feathers.
Having only ever seen these preserved in jars, or from engravings, I was very excited to find a video of one of these alive! Even better, it was a bat ked, which are really cool.
Things I learned today:
- You collect bat parasites by blowing gently on the bat’s fur.
- Carl Dick at Western Kentucky University is a master at blowing on bats, and specializes in Hippoboscids, which has to be pretty darn fascinating work.
- Bats do not enjoy being blown upon.
Here you go: Blowing on Bats For Science.
Here’s a view of a ked on the fluffy part of a bat. Warning: the squeamish may be creeped by this, because there is scurrying about. But it is AWESOME scurrying about, IMHO.
Standard disclaimers: Only professionals should blow on bats. Do not blow on bats without training and proper equipment. Do not taunt bats.
Thanks so much to BioInFocus for finding these videos!
I want to highlight this research report for a couple of reasons. First, it’s a summary of a lot of research on birds and bats–and it is alarming. Major findings include:
- Current environmental mercury loads have the ability to significantly reduce reproductive success in several songbird species of conservation concern in the northeastern U.S. including the saltmarsh sparrow and rusty blackbird.
- Bats also build up significant body burdens of mercury; individuals from multiple species from all 10 areas sampled exceeded the subclinical threshold for changes to neurochemistry.
- Mercury loading in songbirds is not only restricted during the breeding season; some species, such as the northern waterthrush, build up high levels of mercury during migration and in tropical wintering areas
From an interview with an author:
“It is a game-changing paradigm shift,’’ Evers said. “For years, we’ve understood the notion that birds like an eagle can obtain toxins by eating a bass, which has eaten a perch, and the perch has eaten a fly. Now we understand the same kind of analogy can be applied to a water thrush, which eats a spider, which has eaten a smaller spider, which has eaten a fly.’’
The other reason I want to point you at this is because it’s a great example of how to produce a report on complex research and make it really accessible. They don’t just have data; they have information on how to interpret the graphs.
The PDF report itself is beautiful to look at, and focuses on specific actions/conclusions that can be drawn from the data. It’s a report that I could hand to any of my non-scientist coworkers and be confident they could read it and understand it. The PDF is presented within the context of a page with lots of supplemental info, including jpgs of some of the figures. This makes it easy for journalists to build a story.
A thermometer is used to indicate risk to certain species–which cleverly uses something commonly associated with Mercury, but also something a lay-person knows how to interpret without a lot of special background knowledge.
Lastly, they cited their research through the report in ways that let you look up the original research, but that doesn’t detract from your reading. It makes a powerful case that we need to really start paying attention to the mercury in our environment–because it’s not just the birds that are exposed.